The Pandeiro looks a lot like a typical tambourine, but in the hands of a master player it becomes an entire rhythm section. Have a look at this brilliant performance with Paul Mindy on pandeiro.
The pandeiro is a type of hand frame drum.
There are two important distinctions between a pandeiro and the common tambourine. The tension of the head on the pandeiro can be tuned, allowing the player a choice of high and low notes. Also, the metal jingles (called ”platinelas” in Portuguese) are cupped, creating a crisper, drier and less sustained tone on the pandeiro than on the tambourine. This provides clarity when swift, complex rhythms are played.
It is held in one hand, and struck on the head by the other hand to produce the sound. Typical pandeiro patterns are played by alternating the thumb, fingertips, heel, and palm of the hand.
A pandeiro can also be shaken to make sound, or one can run a finger along the head to create a “rasp” noise. The pandeiro is used in a number of Brazilian music forms, such as Samba, Choro, Coco and Capoeira music. The brazilian pandeiro derives from the pandeireta or pandereta of Spain and Portugal.
Some of the best-known pandeiro players today are Paulinho Da Costa, Airto Moreira, Marcos Suzano, and Carlinhos Pandeiro de Ouro.
I was mesmerized by the sound and rhythms of the pandeiro and have adopted it as my main percussion tool. I’m a hybrid player, stealing ideas wherever I can and trying to use the instrument in as many ways as possible.
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